Vegetable ABC

Considering the fact that vegetables contain high percentage of carbohydrates it makes them energetically high value food, and the enzyms, vitamins, minerals and proteins make vegetables a cell builders that renew the whole body. Vegetables have beneficial health effects and it is very important to consume them on daily basis. It is best to consume them in their raw state in the form of salads, freshly squeezed juices, lightly boiled in small quantities of water, in order to preserve nutritive ingredients. Vegetables go well with all other food (grains, proteins, fat etc.) other than fruit, so it is advisable not to mix them with fruit when preparing meals, especially juices. The only exception is cucumber and tomato because of the low level of water, so they can be consumed with fruit.


Beans are native to America. They have excellent biological and calorific value. They contain carbohydrates ( 52%), protein ( 26%) and fat ( 2.1% ) and also contain important amino acids , lecithin , pectin, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron. 100 g of beans has 143 calories. Beans are difficult to digest, so they should be soaked overnight and after throwing the water from the first boil, cooked. A few leaves of fresh or dried mint can be added instead of the usual soda, which destroys vitamins and minerals. It is recommended for the people who have stomach problems to eat beans mashed or in the form of soup or porridge. It helps in the treatment of diabetes, kidney infections, urinary tract infections, ear diseases, headaches, CIIR, nosebleeds, rabies and scabies.


Potatoes originate from Peru and Chile; they are widespread throughout the world , mostly grown in Europe. By its bioenergetic value they are among the most nutritive. Potatoes are abundant in carbohydrates (19 g ) , in particular starch, protein , fat, vitamins (C, B1 , B2 ) and minerals , especially potassium ( 523 mg ) . Prevents scurvy, relieves catarrh of the stomach, cure stomach ulcers and ulcer in the duodenum, treat calluses, removes headache and fever , excess stomach acid, stimulates the heart , helps with acute arthritis , rheumatism , bronchitis , frostbite , burns, eczema, acts as a diuretic.


Radish originates from Asia and is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. It can be seen on the drawings on the tombs of the ancient Egyptians, who considered radish a miraculous and healing herb. It is distributed and used as salad, spice or medicine. It is grown as a white radish and black radish. There is no particular nutritional value, but it has gourmet and medicinal properties. Spicy - a bitter taste, which creates bitter oil. In addition, it contains sodium, potassium, magnesium, vitamins, nigrosine, raphanol , sulfuric heterozoids , bitter and sour substances . It is best to take radish in the form of a juice or as a finely grated salad. It has beneficial effects on the digestive organs, increases the secretion of the stomach, the appetite, invigorates, stimulates the respiratory and bronchial ailments, treats bile and bile ducts. It is used to fight sand and stones in the gall bladder, kidney disease, reduced liver function, the ejection of a stone in the bladder, catarrh, diarrhea, scurvy, rheumatism , sciatica , hoarseness , cough , worms , hair , used for cleaning wounds and as a diuretic.


Garlic originates from Central Asia. For the ancient Egyptians the garlic was a sacred plant, for the Chinese it is a very healing plant, and the Persians were recommending it as a medicine for improving blood circulation. Rich in minerals (calcium , sulfur , phosphorus , iron) , carbohydrate (27.5 g) , contains sulfur essential oils , allicin, nitrogen materials , alin, ferments and vitamins, all this contributes to the popular name "natural antibiotic". Garlic treats high blood pressure ,it is used to break down the fats in the blood , treats atherosclerosis , diabetes , heart disease , rheumatism , headaches , neurosis , fatigue , bronchitis , whooping cough , asthma, tuberculosis , typhoid , cholera, rabies , it helps to treat fever and malaria , boosts the removal of toxins from the body, cleanses the intestines and treats intestinal worms , as well as improves circulation.


Onion originates from Asia and is spread throughout the world. In addition to vitamins and minerals, it is rich in carbohydrates ( 9.6 g ) . From mineral salts it contains potassium the most( 175 mg ) , and sulfur, and the vitamins B1 , B2 , C, E, H , K, P , carotene (provitamin A). In addition, it contains glycosides, essential oils, plant hormone similar to insulin and bacteriostatic agents. It lowers high blood pressure, strengthens the heart, regulates blood sugar, relieves anxiety and insomnia, facilitates expectoration , helps with digestion, cures tonsillitis and hoarseness , prevents blood clots, hair loss, lowers fever, works as a diuretic .


Celery was used in ancient Egypt. Today it is known as food, spice and medicine. Root and leaf can be used. It is very rich because it contains limonene, essential oils, fatty oils, and apin, asparagine, choline, tyrosine, pentosan, sugar and fat. In addition , it contains proteins, carbohydrates , cellulose, calcium , sodium ( 77 mg ) , potassium ( 321 mg ) , phosphorus ( 80 mg ) . It is used as a remedy for asthma, cure for nerves, cure for urinary tract, and cure for catarrh of the lungs, for kidneys, rheumatism and gout. It prevents indigestion, stimulates metabolism, improves the appetite, strengthens the stomach, regulates digestion, it is also used as a diuretic ( tea).


Beetroot originates from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered one of the most useful and the most healing foods. It is rich in carbohydrates, proteins and fats , and contains almost all minerals: potassium( 336 mg ),calcium ,sodium(86 mg ),magnesium, betaine, betanin, phosphorus, iron, copper, manganese, bromine, sulfur , iodine ... and vitamin B1, vitamin B2 , vitamin BI2 , vitamin C and vitamin P. The basis of the healing properties of this plant are betanin and betaine, which are responsible for speeding up metabolism, maintenance of blood vessels, regulating blood pressure, reducing cholesterol levels , stimulating the liver. Because of its composition, beetroot has anticancer effect, is also beneficial for: cancer and leukemia prevention, atherosclerosis, treating flu, lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, affects. Its use slows aging and is an excellent protection against radioactivity and radiation. Beetroot is healthiest when it is taken as a juice. From 1 kg of beetroot 700g of juice is obtained. It is very tasty when combined with carrots, celery, parsley and lemon.


Parsley is used in traditional medicine as a medicinal herb, as well as spice and food, both leaves and root can be used. Extraordinary abundance of minerals and vitamins make it one of the most healing ones. Vitamin C in parsley far exceeds the amount found in lemon and orange - in 100g parsley leaves 166 mg of Vitamin C is found. It contains a lot of vitamin A group and vitamin B group, even vitamin B12 group. In 100gr parsley leaves, 1630 mg minerals are found, mostly potassium (1,000 mg), iron (8 mg), calcium (245 mg), phosphorus (128 mg), magnesium, manganese and copper. Used to improve circulation and the problems of the urinary tract (tea), to soothe nerves, to eliminate bloating, as a pain reliever, to purify the blood and help the formation of red blood cells, is beneficial for removal of fever, inflammation of the eye, kidney, sunny spots and liver spots on the skin, for insect bites and stings, and heart problems.


Carrot is among the vegetables that have the strongest beneficial health effects, a nature’s small pharmacy. It’s most valuable ingredient is carotene, which creates vitamin A. No other vegetable or fruit contains as much carotene as carrots. It also contains essential oils , proteins , cellulose, starch and sugar , apple acid and panteon acid, pectin , mucilage, phytosterine , glutamine , galaktanom , inositol , pentozanom , potassium and other minerals . From vitamins the most present are B group vitamins, D group vitamins, PP group vitamins , E group vitamins and C group vitamins. It is known that regular intake of carrots can prevent occurrence of many diseases and treats over thirty diseases. It contains the essential ingredients needed for growth , development, and strengthening the body, preserves and improves vision, prevents anemia, heartburn, gout, improves digestion , eases urination , prevents hair loss , treats diabetes , rheumatism , gout , inflammation of the tonsils , respiratory problems , wounds and burns, purifies the blood and removes toxic substances from the body, combined with beetroot helps to treat cancer in the early stages, removes fatigue from mental labor , can significantly enhance concentration. In order to preserve its nutritional value carrot should be consumed without peeling; it should only be well washed with a brush for vegetables.


Pepper came to Europe from South America, it is known as food and a medicine due to its beneficial health effects. It is also used as spice. Red pepper is more nutritious than the green pepper. It is rich with minerals (700mg) and vitamins, carbohydrates (8%), proteins and fat. Its most important ingredient is vitamin C (up to 400 mg). Pepper contains twice as much vitamin C than lemon and orange and is right behind pomegranate, blueberry and parsley. Pepper contains vitamin n B1, vitamin B2 and provitamin A. It is rich with calcium, iron, phosphor and potassium (212mg). It works against arteriosclerosis, sore throat, different skin inflammation, hair loss, fever, and hangover.


Cabbage is a very important vegetable in our area. It is picked from May to November. White and red cabbage are cultivated, the red one is more nutritious. It is very rich in minerals (around 800mg) it contains potassium (266 mg), calcium, magnesium, sulfur, copper, iron. It is rich in vitamins as well, especially vitamin C, and it contains the same amount of vitamin C as an orange, as well as vitamin U, vitamin B, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, provitamin A. It is best used raw or pickled, because it loses its nourishing ingredients when cooked. It can be harmful if it is fried on fat or oil. The health benefits of cabbage include treatment of constipation, stomach ulcers (boil and strain water, drink juice), headache, overweight, skin disorders, eczema, jaundice, scurvy, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, eye disorders, hair loss, fever, heart diseases, ageing. Particularly effective are heated cabbage leaves for headaches, sciatica, wounds, ulcers, inflammation, burns, rheumatism, insect bites. Cabbage pickle juice is used as a remedy for cough, as a preventative for the lack of acid in the stomach, as well as for hearing improvement.


Cucumber was used 5000 years ago in Himalaya. It is very rich in minerals and vitamins (around 400mg) it contains potassium (141mg), calcium, phosphor, sodium, iron. It contains an extremely high percentage of water (95%) and because of that cucumber has low calorie value, and it has a beneficial health effect because of the minerals and vitamins. It has anti inflammatory effect; it is good against skin rash, insect bites, for clearing of the blood, stomach and bowel disease, ulcers hemorrhoids. It is often used in cosmetics, for beautifying and refreshing the skin.


Tomato was brought to Europe, after the discovery of America. It is among the most biologically valuable plants. It contains high percentage of water, vitamins and minerals; it is especially rich in vitamin C (as well as lemon and orange) and carotene that creates vitamin A as well as vitamin B, E, K, PP. It is rich in minerals and it contains potassium (250-300mg), magnesium, calcium and iron. It is known as a low calorie value food; it can be consumed any time and combined with all food. Tomato is excellent for immunity, against cough and pulmonary disease, rheumatic disease; diabetes, liver disease, rheumatic disease, urinary tract disease, high blood pressure, The high water content of tomatoes causes the kidneys to release more fluids and this allows your body to cleanse itself from harmful toxins.